In spring, it features attractive clusters of small, waxy, white, pink-tinged, bell-shaped flowers. If you have natural lowbush blueberries growing in the local woods, you may be able to use these directly. Gemma is a Freelance Writer and Animal Welfare Advocate. These include the highbush blueberry (V. corymbosum), sweet lowbush blueberry (V. angustifolium), and cranberry (V. macrocarpon). Revised May 2020. Adapts to sandy soil. Many other species of blueberry are harvested from the wild, including the lowbush or hillside blueberry (V. pallidum) in Missouri. Small, low growing 6" to 2' high plant produces berries in July and August. Bears and other animals also eat the fruits. If you're using stored seeds, they will likely need a few months of cold stratifications first. Legal Status. Make sure that you remove the flowers from your shrub the first year after they bloom as this will encourage healthy root and plant growth going forward. Lowbush blueberry occurs at elevations from sea level to 4,950 feet (1,500 m) [72,150]. It prefers evenly moist conditions, especially during the growing season. Highbush Blueberry. Flowers are produced on second-year growth. A cluster of brown, tubular stamens surround … Once planted and waiting for the cutting to establish, it should be kept warm and moist. If you're using a raking technique to gather up the ripe berries, this can be too harsh for the young plant. Plant more than one for the best fruit production. Be aware that mowing will mean you won't see any harvest the following season, so you may want to only prune some of the plants one year, and the others the following. The best selection is the highbush blueberry ( Vaccinium corymbosum ), our native species which is ideally suited to … Lowbush Blueberry is occasional in NE Illinois (see Distribution Map). It's possible to propagate Lowbush Blueberry from half-ripe wood cuttings, but it's a slow process, and it isn't always successful. Blueberries are perennial flowering plants with blue or purple berries. There are five major varieties of blueberry grown in the United States: lowbush, northern highbush, southern highbush, rabbiteye and half-high. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, select a fertilizer designed for acid-loving species. 2256. During the summer the small, sweet, edible berries begin to ripen. Whenever you connect with nature, connect with us! The Lowbush, Highbush and Rabbiteye vary in their size and character. Blueberries are highly variable plants. Early spring flowers produce early summer fruit. Small, low growing 6" to 2' high plant produces berries in July and August. Half-High mixes the benefits of highbush - large fruit - with the benefits of lowbush - cold tolerance. Advantages of purchasing bare root blueberry plants for a farm start-up: A bare root blueberry plant is a very cost-effective way for the smaller-budget farmer to start his farm project. It is possible to take ... 2. She has been involved in the Pet Industry for over 15 years. Blueberry plants are relatively low-maintenance and highly versatile. Adapts to sandy soil. At the end of the first year, the plant will produce flower buds on the young shoot. Blueberries are usually prostrate shrubs that can vary in size from 10 centimeters (3.9 in) to 4 meters (13 ft) in height. Blueberry plants display surprisingly gorgeous fall foliage. Enter your email and we'll email you instructions on how to reset your The mulch will also help preserve soil moisture in drier regions. Zone 4-8. Height of plants is 6″ to 18″ and spreading outward by stolons up to many feet at maturity. Lowbush Blueberry shrubs have quite particular preferences when it comes to soil types. Blueberry Plants are Low Maintenance and Highly Versatile. Sometimes they even grow along the edges of boggy wetlands. Providing your Lowbush Blueberry is planted in a site that has the right conditions, they're regarded as pretty low maintenance. It's glossy foliage turns maroon-purple in the fall. Lowbush blueberry is prized for its sweet, edible berries. Common names are from state and federal lists. If you plan to feed your Lowbush Blueberry bush, make sure you select a fertilizer designed for acid-loving species. Blueberry fruit is low in calories and sodium and is a great source of fiber. Options: Amend the soil to a pH of 4.5 to 5.2 using sulfur or ammonium sulfate. Lowbush blueberries make a nice ornamental fruiting ground cover. ... How Big Do Blueberry Bushes Grow? Most Blueberry Bushes are self-fruiting and thrive on their own, but planted with other blueberry plants, they will cross-pollinate and provide a larger harvest of berries. Fact Sheet No. Lowbush blueberry care includes pruning every other year to maintain berry production. Plants generally grow better on undisturbed rather then tilled soil . Suitable for Zones 2-6, it prefers sun to part shade in moist well-drained, very acidic soil. During the winter months, well-formed blueberry plants provide winter interest and attract winter birds. Vaccinium also includes cranberries, bilberries, huckleberries and Madeira blueberries. Lowbush Blueberries ( Vaccinium angustifolium) are low-growing wild shrubs native to North America. They are followed by abundant, juicy and edible blue berries in summer - a delight for birds, wildlife and humans alike! The flowers are white, bell-shaped, 4 to 6 mm (0.16 to 0.24 in) long. It thrives in a moist, highly organic, well drained, acidic soil in full sun to filtered shade. Remove the flowers from each plant for the first year or two to ensure strong growth of the roots. Lowbush Blueberry is sometimes the dominant Needs regular watering - weekly, or more often in extreme heat. Vaccinium angustifolium (Low-bush blueberry) for commercial production and ornamental landscapes. Learn more about Monrovia plants and best practices for best possible plant performance. Blueberry plants begin to produce fruit in the third year but are not fully productive until year 6. Habitats include sand prairies, shrub prairies, sandy savannas, sandy woodlands, rocky upland woodlands, rocky bluffs, sand dunes along Lake Michigan, and bogs. Blueberry shrubs are woody plants and are generally categorized as lowbush, or wild (V. corymbosum), or highbush, (V. angustifolium), which are cultivated. Keep the plants watered during the growing season. These grow only 6-18" high. 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