This meant that the government had to hold gold in reserve in case people decided they wanted to trade in their money. APUSH REVIEWED! Not successful. Against john muir (preservationist) Battle for hetch hetchy valley. A black orator and eassayist. This act also prohibited railroads from transporting goods they owned. Newlands Reclamation Act (1902) Money from the sale of public lands in western states was used to fund the development of irrigation projects. Theodore Roosevelt, that allowed the federal government to sell public lands to raise money for irrigation projects that expanded agriculture on arid lands. Authorized the use of federal money to develop the west, it helped to protect national resources. 1890 - Directed the Treasury to buy even larger amounts of silver that the Bland-Allison Act and at inflated prices. A pioneering progressive idea, enacted in Wisconsin, Oregon, California, in other states, that gave citizens the right to remove unpopular politicians from office through a vote. recall. Booker T Washington(1857-1915) Tuskegee Institute. Authorized the use of federal money to develop the west, it helped to protect national resources. For example: 1. Eliminated silver coins, but allowed paper Silver Certificates issued under the Bland-Allison Act to continue to circulate. In a 1910 speech, Theodore Roosevelt called for a [new nationalism] that promoted government intervention to enhance public welfare, including a federal child labour law, more recognition of labor rights, a national minimum wage for women, women suffrage, and curbs on the power of federal courts to stop reform. Conservations: Federal reserve act + making national parks + newlands reclamation act. Government would regulate business. Newlands Reclamation Act. Anthracite Coal Strike, 1902, George F. Baer. Baring Japanese and Korean laborers from the U.S. He believed in competition, and called his economic plan "New Freedom.". A 1908 Supreme Court case that upheld and Oregon law limiting woman's workday to 10 hours, based on the need to protect women's health for motherhood. Newlands Reclamation Act (1902) - Federal-funded irrigation projects for Western states Elkins Act (1903) - Prohibited railroad rebates strengthening the ICC Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty (1903) - Established Panama Canal Zone and allowed U.S. to construct Panama Canal The NAACP hoped to force a court decision on segregation. Newlands Reclamation Act (1902) An act which took federal funds that were collected from national land sales and put them to use funding large-scale irrigation projects. As a dodge around previous legislation, railroads were buying goods and transporting them as if they were their own. Roosevelt wanted more involvement in foreign affairs, and Taft was an isolationist. The author who wrote a book about the horrors of food productions in 1906, the bad quality of meat and the dangerous working conditions. Senators had previously been appointed by the legislatures of their states. The Square Deal for APUSH. b. Taft’s Presidency i. Also called the General Allotment Act, it tried to dissolve Indian tribes by redistributing the land. Three-time candidate for president for the Democratic Party, nominated because of support from the Populist Party. Baer led the miner's union at the time. Roosevelt fearful of the nation freezing during the winter if a cool strike continued set up a fact-finding commission that suspended the strike. 26th president, known for: conservationism, trust-busting, Hepburn Act, safe food regulations, "Square Deal," Panama Canal, Great White Fleet, Nobel Peace Prize for negotiation of peace in Russo-Japanese War. Created a partial dual coinage system referred to as "limping bimetallism." The central bank system of the United States, created in 1913. First of several government subsidies to silver producers in depression periods. His speech "I Will Fight No More Forever" mourned the young Indian men killed in the fighting. A reform organisation that worked (unsuccessfully) to win a federal law banning child labour. The main issues were the coinage of silver and protective tariffs. 1800, 1824, 1860, 1896, 1932, A political and social term that refers to ideologies and movements favoring or advocating changes or reform. Therefore, national parks were created such as Yellow Stone and Yosemetie. The Supreme Court ordered this company, which was controlled by by John D. Rockefeller's Trust to dissolve because it was violated the Sherman Anti-trust Ac. He ran as a Progressive against Republican Taft, beating him but losing to Democrat Woodrow Wilson. o Roosevelt promised to retire after his second term and named Secretary of War William Howard Taft his successor It imposed stricter control over railroads and expanded powers of the Interstate Commerce Commission, including giving the ICC the power to set maximum rates. In response they instigated what became known as Pontiac’s War, a series of confli… He believed that monopolies had to be broken up and that the government must regulate business. Busted twice as much trusts than Roosevelt, including US Steel- Roosevelt angry. This strengthened earlier federal legislation that outlawed preferential pricing through rebates. They opposed corrupt business practices and monopolies, and supported relief for debtors. Act of 1891 to protect 150 million acres of federal land • Newlands Reclamation Act of 1902- money from sale of public lands could be used for irrigation projects in the west • Conservation was Roosevelt’s most long lasting domestic achievement – Contrast with preservation Conservation An election where people directly elect their party's candidates for office. Republican Spilt. Hepburn Act (1906), the Standard Oil decision (1911), and the Newlands Reclamation Act (1902) Required government to buy between $2 and $4 million worth of silver. Newlands Reclamation Act of 1902 Newlands Reclamation Act. Candidates had previously been selected by party caucuses that were considered elitist and undemocratic. Newlands Reclamation Act 1902 act authorizing federal funds from public land sales to pay for irrigation and land development projects, mainly in the dry Western states Gifford Pinchot An organization founded in 1910 by leading African-American reformers and white allies as a vehicle for advocating equal rights for African-Americans, specially through the courts. Ended in 1900 with the enactment of the Gold Standard Act. They organized the NAACP in 1909. The Sherman Antitrust Act was a law passed by Congress in 1890 that was designed to combat the monopolies that were running rampant in American business. 1893 - Group of unemployed workers led by Jacob Coxey who marched from Ohio to Washington to draw attention to the plight of workers and to ask for government relief. In 1881 he founded the first formal school for blacks, the Tuskegee Institute. 1851 - The U.S. government reorganized Indian land and moved the Indians onto reservations. A system win which government authority would be balanced and coordinate economic activity. Early 1900's writer who exposed social and political evils in the U.S. Muckraker novel. They all agreed to sell crops at the same high prices to eliminate competition. The act at first covered only 13 of the western states as Texas had no federal lands. What is the Sherman Antitrust Act? This is important because it helped to irrigate in dry lands. The Newlands Reclamation Act, also called the U.S. Reclamation Act, authorized the federal government to commission water diversion, retention and transmission projects in arid lands, particularly in the far west. These all made elected officials more responsible and sensitive to the needs of the people, and part of the movement to make government more efficient and scientific. 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