Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Montezuma II (1466–c.1520) Ninth Aztec emperor (r.1502–20), nephew and successor of Ahuitzotl. On June 24, this larger army returned to Tenochtitlan and was able to reinforce Alvarado and his embattled men. In 1517, Moctezuma received the first reports of Europeans landing on the east coast of his empire; this was the expedition of Juan de Grijalva who had landed on San Juan de Ulúa, which although within Totonac territory was under the auspices of the Aztec Empire. Moctezuma II (also known as Montezuma II) died when the Spaniards under Hernan Cortes conquered Tenochtitlan. Cuitláhuac was the 10th tlatoani of the Aztec city of Tenochtitlan for 80 days. After being taken captive by Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés, Montezuma spoke to his subjects in an attempt to quell growing unrest. Unbeknownst to Cortes, Montezuma had entered into a secret correspondence with Narvez and had ordered his coastal vassals to support him. Where did Montezuma ii die? Montezuma II (also known as Moctezuma, Moteuczoma, Motecuhzoma) was the ninth emperor of the Aztec Empire who ruled from 1502 to 1520. Die naam. Cortés, however, took Montezuma prisoner, hoping to prevent an Aztec attack. He was in turn succeeded by another of Moctezuma’s uncles, Ahuitzotl. The Aztecs, however, believed the Spaniards had murdered their emperor, and Cortés’s force was nearly destroyed as it tried to sneak out of Tenochtitlán at night. Instead, the Aztecs turned on Montezuma, who later died, and Cortés’s forces were nearly destroyed. Montezuma II (also known as Moctezuma II) was trained as a priest and rose to become leader of the Aztecs in 1502. Hundreds of conquered vassal tribes sent the Aztec's goods, food, weapons, and even enslaved people and captured warriors for sacrifice. disease. According to Spanish accounts, two or three days later, on June 29, Montezuma died of his wounds. Montezuma even ordered the vassal states of the Mexica to send gold, and the Spaniards amassed an unheard-of fortune: it is estimated that by May they had collected eight tons of gold and silver. After being taken captive by Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés , Montezuma spoke to his subjects in an attempt to quell growing unrest. Montezuma I (1397-1469), who ruled the Aztecs from 1440 to 1469, is best known for his expansion of the empire and for his building projects, including the dike across Lake Texcoco and the temple to the god Huitzilopochtli. 1520. View profile; Send e-mail; This activity was … a. moctezuma i prevented uprisings of his allies by enslaving them and taking their lands for himself. Son titre de noblesse a Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In this period, the Aztecs controlled Mexico and Central America. 10 terms. Meanwhile, the Spanish continually badgered Montezuma for more and more gold. Although his original instructions had been only to explore the region, Cortés hoped to achieve far greater gains. The death of Moctezuma II is historically remarkable because facts about it are controversial and unconfirmed. They were welcomed by Montezuma, the mighty Tlatoani (emperor) of his people. Once Cortes was gone, the people of Tenochtitlan became restless, and Alvarado heard of a plot to murder the Spanish. How did Montezuma II die? Another version (which is found in the Spanish sources), however, claims that Moctezuma was murdered by his own subjects. Moctezuma I is depicted much less than Moctezuma II in popular culture. On November 14, 1519, they got the excuse they needed. The Downfall of Moctezuma Moctezuma died in June 1520, though it is unclear as to how he met his end. Montezuma II Xocoyotzín, Emperor of the Aztecs, 8 Important Figures in the Conquest of the Aztec Empire, Important Events in the Conquest of the Aztec Empire, Conquistadors vs. Aztecs: the Battle of Otumba, Biography of Malinche, Enslaved Woman and Interpreter to Hernán Cortés, Timeline of Hernan Cortes' Conquest of the Aztecs, an important alliance with the Tlaxcalans. Most of their plans involved capturing Montezuma and holding him until more reinforcements could arrive to secure the city. Cortes ordered Montezuma to reopen the market, but the emperor said that he could not because he was a captive and no one listened to his orders anymore. According to Spanish accounts, he attempted to speak to his subjects and was assailed with stones and arrows, suffering wounds from which he died three days later. A few months later, reinforced by more conquistadors and Tlaxcalans, the Spanish would re-take the city, this time for good. However, one depiction is in the Sid Meier's Civilization series. Moctezuma II was the most significant emperor of the Aztec Empire. Spain became rich by stealing the wealth of the American colonies. Montezuma II himself was taken as a hostage by the notorious Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortes in 1519. He ruled from 1502 to 1520. Moctezuma II was born on 1466, is Emperor of Aztec Empire. Many of the Chiefs and Captains knew him well and also ordered the people to be silent and to not throw darts, stones, or arrows. What happened to the Emperor of the Aztecs? What was the capital city of the Incas of Peru? The Aztecs were a Mesoamerican people of central Mexico in the 14th, 15th and 16th century. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Montezuma-II, Ancient History Encyclopedia - Biography of Montezuma, Montezuma II - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Montezuma II - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). After the Spanish conquest, Doña Isabel was recognized as Moctezuma's legitimate heir, and became one of the indigenous Mexicans granted an … Most modern Mexicans have little respect for Montezuma, preferring the two leaders who came after him, Cuitlahuac and Cuauhtémoc, both of whom fought the Spanish fiercely. Leonor Cortés Moctezuma (born c. 1528), illegitimate daughter of Hernán Cortés and Isabel Montezuma 27 He refused treatment and food, as attested by Bernal Díaz del Castillo: “Although they begged him to care for himself and to eat something and said good words about it to him, he would not….” Montezuma II was the ninth king of the Aztec Empire. He was born in 1480, and was trained to become a priest. From 1502 to 1519, Montezuma had proven himself to be an able leader in war, politics, religion, and diplomacy. ( public domain ). Moctezuma II was born in 1466 to Axayacatl, the sixth ruler of the Aztec Empire, and Xochicueyetl. What is known for certain is that he was killed in the city of Tenochtitlan sometime after the arrival of Hernen Cortes and the Massacre in the Great Temple. Reduced controls and taxes c. Reduced military service d. Expanded noble ranks. Amazingly, Montezuma agreed, provided he be able to tell the story that he had voluntarily accompanied the Spanish back to the palace where they were lodged. They befriended disgruntled vassals of the Mexica and made an important alliance with the Tlaxcalans, bitter enemies of the Aztecs. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The exact way in which Moctezuma died is not known for … When Cortes found out, he was furious, greatly straining his relationship with Montezuma. Death of Montezuma. Which empire forced others to pay tribute? Spain became rich by stealing the wealth of the American colonies. Grâce … courtneyfox_3. Many Spanish families without noble titles also descend from the numerous branches of the families of the children of Moctezuma II.